Vine is the place where it starts, if you want wine. The development of root stock in the industry which includes the science of Mother Nature at its finest. Cloning, grow and then planting the root stock of crude is a science that is the core of everything, even human existence ... DNA. It is a sprout above the soil produces a new clone of the grape that produces grapes that make wine.
See where the grapes come from, but where the wines come from? I've got the answer to this mystery, it's nursery as a place for you to choose your plants for spring planting. There is little difference, because a very high tech. Napa's oldest nursery grapevines in California.
Nurseries turn out some very prestigious root stock that may have some very impressive pedigrees. Some of the vines are very prestigious pedigree includes the root stock. And yes, vineyard owners have confirmed reserves of DNA testing. To support this industry, many of California's premier universities offer degrees in viticulture.
Nurseries use cold storage (this is where the dormant vines are stored awaiting sale), it will keep the wine fresh and sleeping. It would not be unusual for a vine nursery offering about 15 clones of Cabernet Sauvignon and 30 clones of Chardonnay and Pinot Noir equal number of clones. When you decide to replant the vineyard, for several reasons, these clones are what would be the owner of the vineyard exciting. Two things are critical when it comes to new planting: 1.The characteristics of varieties and second cloned root system. The dogs were cloned varietals affect such things as the final yield or tannins or make early maturing fruit. The root system / notification is important, because that is what is dictated by conditions of soil and climate where the grapes are planted.
What is a "clone"? Well, Junior High biology comes into play here. Root stock is selected to get a piece ("branches" for me) wines with other desired DNA. What is new is growing vine that will produce cloned fruit. Vaccination is just that, slice off the branch you want to clone vines and cut a notch in the root stock and blow air in the cloning of a piece of root stock and wrap tightly and place it in the ground for 1 year to grow. This is a very simple description, assuming that the vaccination is going on, and then in a year that is the root stock harvested and put in cold storage in the dark to sleep and when planted in the vineyard. Once the vineyard will be 3 years for this new cloned varieties to produce fruit. This is just one of many reasons why it is so precious wine.
Wines will be sold for $ 3 - $ 4 each and have about 1,000 wine per hectare, sometime 2000 or more. Currently vineyard owners are wary of new plantings because of the slowdown in the economy.
Wines can live 150-200 years, so who buys new vineyards? There are, of course, new vineyards are planted in such places as Texas, Michigan, NC, Virginia and California, they require a root stock. Then there are the new plant because of the old vines to produce bad effects. Then there are always present destructive disease. Finally, marketing considerations brought on by the ever-changing consumer tastes, which requires a new varietal wines. "
Some nurseries in the United States are licensed by the Association of European developers clone called ENTAV. This is the European body that test root stock and genetics, developed new clones and new clones breeds forever changed the vineyard conditions. UC Davis is also a top institution in California, which helps new wine heritage at the forefront of evolution